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Nutrients are the building blocks of all living things. They allow both survival and growth. The nutrient requirements of a dog vary with: age, stage of growth, activity, stress, genetics etc.

There are two categories of nutrients:

  • macronutrients, and

  • micronutrients.

Macronutrients are needed in large quantities. They are the sole source of energy (kiloJoules) and are the basic building blocks of nutrition.

Macronutrients include:

Micronutrients are required in smaller amounts and include:

  • vitamins

  • minerals

  • trace or micronutrients.

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